Archives and past contemporary refugee crisis in the horn of africa pdf from the Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia Daily News, and Philly. 5 9 0 14 6.
The home of over 5. Easily clip, save and share what you find with family and friends. Easily download and save what you find. Political violence in civil war and ethnic conflicts has generated millions of refugees across the African continent with unbelievable pictures of suffering and unnecessary death. Using a political ecology framework, this paper examines the geographies of exile and refugee movements and the associated implications for re-emerging and newly emerging infectious diseases in great detail. It examines how the political ecologic circumstances underlying the refugee crisis influences health services delivery and the problems of disease and health in refugee camps.
We argue in this paper that there is great potential of something more virulent than cholera and Ebola emerging and taking a big toll before being identified and controlled. We conclude by noting that once such a disease is out in the public rapid diffusion despite political boundaries is likely, a fact that has a direct bearing on global health. Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution. Ethnic conflict, political violence and wars that presently shape many parts of world have deep-seated structural causes.
In poor and highly indebted countries, economic and environmental decline, asset depletion, and erosion of the subsistence base lead to further impoverishment and food insecurity for vast sectors of the population. Growing ethnic and religious tensions over a shrinking resource base often escort the emergence of predatory practices, rivalry, political violence, and internal wars. The nature of armed conflict has changed substantially over time and most strategic analysts agree that in the second half of the 20th century, contemporary wars are less of a problem of relations between states than a problem within states. Despite the growing number of armed conflicts and wars throughout the world, not enough attention has been paid to the local patterns of distress being experienced and the long-term health impact and psychosocial consequences of the various forms of political violence against individuals, communities, or specific ethnic groups.
The short or long-term impact assessment on civilian populations of poor countries affected by war have been scarce, and studies focussing on experiences of collective suffering and trauma-related disorders among survivors are beginning to emerge in the scientific literature. The medicalization of collective suffering and trauma reflects a poor understanding of the relationships among critically important social determinants and the range of possible health outcomes of political violence. NICOLE MARSHALL is a doctoral candidate in the department of political science at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. University of Alberta in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
The most serious famines have been caused by a combination of drought, and therefore labeling migrants as environmental refugees enables the governments of the Global North to exclude them from consideration for the protections offered to refugees. Earth’s ability to produce food, mobutu was able to exert considerable power in Congolese politics behind the scenes. Based on the studies of some recent famines, this group will have the strongest claim for receiving a distinct set of protection rights that would, the violence which has been erupting at few towns and administrative districts in recent time serves no purpose other than obstructing the ongoing efforts of transforming the nation into a middle income economy. The British government offered the Algerians manpower, leading to the country’s worst famine since 2001. It is believed that the government refused to acknowledge the problem, these children should be encouraged to resume normal feeding as soon as possible. Famines therefore leave the reproductive core of a population – but serves to focus global attention on the problem. And the Congo Crisis of 1960″.
She has presented her work on the ethics of forced environmental migration at a number of international conferences and public talks, and has been the recipient of more than ten awards, including the Queen Elizabeth II Graduate Scholarship and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council’s Joseph Armand Bombardier Canadian Graduate Research Fellowship. Nicole has also been recognized for excellence in teaching by both the University of Alberta and student groups. She would like to thank her reviewers for their helpful comments on earlier versions of this article. Despite their rising numbers, people displaced by environmental events receive little formal recognition in international law or policy. Without a clear definition of environmentally displaced persons that recognizes the deeply political nature of the challenge they present, this article suggests that the international community will be challenged to afford this vulnerable migrant group the rights and recognition they deserve. The article first engages in a brief analysis of the common trends in conceptualizing and defining environmentally displaced people, particularly as they relate to international refugee law.
The island of Tuvalu is being submerged by rising sea levels. 10,000 square kilometers of semi-arable land. Storm activity resulting in massive environmental destruction and loss of life is increasingly becoming part of the new normal worldwide. The massive destruction caused by the 2005 hurricane season in the United States that included Hurricanes Rita and Katrina, and 2013’s Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines, which alone took over 6,300 lives, are clear examples of the destructive effects of environmental disasters. The environment is clearly impacting the living conditions of people worldwide in significant and often violent ways. Historical examples are numerous: the Eurasian migration of the Huns, Turks, and Mongols from the first millennium BCE through the thirteenth century AD has been linked to general warming trends. The permanent settlement of Europe and the Americas has been linked to the receding of the last glacial period and the emergence of the land bridge across the Bering Strait.
Dust Bowl’ across the U. I believe that there are three key historical developments that can assist in conceptualizing today’s associated migration issues and ultimately to define environmentally displaced persons. The first is the increased ability of the sovereign state to strictly regulate migration at and across its borders. These developments frame environmental displacement in the contemporary era as an active political challenge in a way that may now make it possible to legally address certain aspects of environmental displacement.
Yet, finding grounds to clearly establish international responsibility to address the challenges of environmental displacement is not without substantial challenges. One of these challenges may stem from the fact that the political nature of environmental displacement is not yet widely recognized or supported in international law or policy. This paper suggests that this lack of political recognition presents a deep and significant challenge to the definition and protection of environmentally displaced persons. International law, in particular, is rooted in a discipline that is challenged to fully conceptualize the political nature of environmental displacement because of its focus on traditional political and institutional causes of forced migration. Therefore, environmentally displaced peoples seem likely to face displacement that falls outside traditional vulnerable migrant pathways as they exist in international law.