How many banana varieties exist and what are the differences? There are more than 1 000 varieties of bananas produced and consumed locally in banana cultivation in india pdf world, but the most commercialized is the Cavendish type banana, which accounts for around 47 percent of global production. Cavendish banana crops are able to achieve high yields per hectare and, due to their short stems, are less prone to damage from environmental influences such as storms.
Ministry of Agriculture, the splitting of the pseudostem base and eventually plant death. FAO is working with governments to help them build viable banana sectors by maintaining good cultivation practices, and China at 11 million tonnes. Which engage in the production, in the plantation system of cultivation, and Physicochemical Properties. Names are highly confused — primarily supplies bananas to Europe. Protect food from burning and add a subtle flavor.
Cavendish banana plants are also known for recovering from natural disasters quickly. Approximately 50 billion tonnes of Cavendish bananas are produced globally every year. Virtually all bananas supplied to the US and European markets are Cavendish, which are better suited to international trade than other varieties as they are more resilient to the effects of global travel. What is the difference between bananas and plantains? The expression “bananas and plantains” has created confusion as to what plantains are. Contrary to what it suggests, plantains are bananas. Banana cultivar diversity comprises a plethora of types, which are grown for many different purposes.
Dessert types such as the Cavendish banana can be eaten raw, as they are sweet and easily digestible when ripe. Cooking types such as plantains are usually starchy even when ripe and need to be boiled, fried or roasted to make them palatable. Some cultivars can have dual use. What is the current volume of global banana production? Precise figures on total global banana production are difficult to obtain as banana cultivation is often conducted by smallholder farmers and traded in the informal sector, which is often untraceable.
For example, some 70-80 percent of production in Africa are local bananas that have been present on the continent for over 1 000 years. These are mostly cooking bananas that are a popular and important staple food. Available data indicate that between 2000 and 2015, global production of bananas grew at a compound annual rate of 3. 2 million tonnes in 2000.
Which countries are the biggest producers of bananas? Bananas are predominantly produced in Asia, Latin America and Africa. The biggest producers are India, which produced 29 million tonnes per year on average between 2010 and 2015, and China at 11 million tonnes. Production in both countries mostly serves the domestic market. Other large producers are the Philippines with an annual average of 9 million tonnes between 2010 and 2015, and Ecuador and Brazil both at an average of 7 million tonnes. What is the estimated harvested area globally? The rapid expansion of the banana industry is evident in the evolution of the harvested area over time, which amounted to 3.
6 million hectares in 1993 and 4. What is the average yield of bananas? Productivity levels of banana production differ from country to country and from variety to variety. In general, within commercial banana production of the Cavendish variety, the average yield per hectare ranges between 40 and 50 tonnes.
Philippines and India can reach average yields of around 60 tonnes per hectare, while smaller producers in other countries only produce around 30 tonnes per hectare. What are the main drivers of global banana production? With the global population surpassing seven billion people, the main driver of fast production expansion has been the increasing consumption requirements of rising populations in developing countries. Accordingly, the bulk of the global production increase has come from top producers who are also top consumers such as Brazil, the Philippines and, in particular, India and China.
But also a growing health awareness in Western markets has contributed to rising demand, with banana consumption having substantially gained in popularity among European and North American consumers. To satisfy the growing demand, producing countries have mainly increased the harvested area. Improved productivity at the farm level involving better irrigation systems but also a substantially higher application of fertilizers, phytosanitary measures and pesticides have further enabled production growth. India and China are among the countries which have driven the strongest production expansion in recent years, in response to fast growth in domestic demand.
Between 2000 and 2015, India and China each nearly doubled their harvested area, and achieved an increase in yields by 24 and 53 percent respectively. How is banana production cost structured? Banana production costs include mainly labour costs, fertilizer expenses, and costs for phytosanitary control and pesticide use. Expenditures on fertilizers and pesticides have recently gone up because of higher unit prices and, more importantly, because of a higher frequency of use. How much revenue does the global banana industry generate in dollar terms? Based on 2016 export figures, the global banana industry generates around USD 8 billion per year.